Posts Tagged ‘statistics’
Posted by Warm Southern Breeze on Sunday, August 4, 2013
Educational attainment in the world, 1950–2010
Robert Barro, Jong-Wha Lee, 18 May 2010
Empirical investigations of the role of human capital require accurate measures across countries and over time. This column describes a new dataset on educational attainment for 146 countries at 5-year intervals from 1950 to 2010. The new data, freely available online, use more information and better methodology than existing datasets. Among the many new results is that the rate of return to an additional year of schooling on output is quite high – ranging from 5% to 12%.
It is widely accepted that human capital, particularly attained through education, is crucial to economic progress. An increase in the number of well-educated people implies a higher level of labour productivity and a greater ability to absorb advanced technology from developed countries (Acemoglu 2009). Empirical investigations of the role of human capital require accurate and internationally-comparable measures of human capital across countries and over time.
Our earlier studies (1993, 1996, and 2001) constructed measures of educational attainment of the adult population for a broad group of countries. This column introduces a new data set (available at barrolee.com) providing improved estimates for 146 countries at 5-year intervals from 1950 to 2010. The data are Read the rest of this entry »
Posted in - Even MORE Uncategorized!, - Read 'em and weep: The Daily News | Tagged: advancement, analysis, Asia-Pacific, Asian Development Bank, Barro, commerce, economists, economy, education, historical, history, Human capital, Journal of Monetary Economics, labor, modern history, policy, Rate of return, research, Robert Barro, statistics, Sub-Saharan Africa, Technology | Leave a Comment »
Posted by Warm Southern Breeze on Saturday, March 23, 2013
The GOP recently acknowledged that, among other aspects of their party’s alienation from the American mainstream, they need to modify and change not merely their image, but their appeal to Hispanics, which have largely voted for Democratic candidates.
The irony of their acknowledgment is that they want to do the very thing they’ve demonstrated why and how they’ve alienated themselves from the American mainstream… hire a Mexican to do their work.
As reported in VOXXI, by Grace Flores-Hughes on March 19, 2013, “The Republican National Committee plans to hire political directors from the Hispanic, Asian, African American communities as well as from women’s groups.”
Read her story: “The ambitious coming out of the Republican Party”
The numbers prove it: The GOP is estranged from America
Andrew Kohut is the founding director and former president of the Pew Research Center. He served as president of the Gallup Organization from 1979 to 1989.
In my decades of polling, I recall only one moment when a party had been driven as far from the center as the Republican Party has been today.
The outsize influence of hard-line elements in the party base is doing to the GOP what supporters of Read the rest of this entry »
Posted in - Lost In Space: TOTALLY Discombobulated, - Politics... that "dirty" little "game" that first begins in the home. | Tagged: Andrew Kohut, Democratic, Democrats, Gallup, George McGovern, GOP, Mitt Romney, news, Obama, Pew Research Center, policy, politics, poll, reality, Republican, research, statistics, The Gallup Organization | Leave a Comment »
Posted by Warm Southern Breeze on Friday, November 23, 2012
CDC: Abortions fall 5%, largest drop in a decade
By Michael Muskal
November 21, 2012, 1:41 p.m.
The rate of abortions in the United States fell by 5%, the largest single-year decrease in a decade, researchers for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported.
The decline is outlined in the annual abortion surveillance data for the year 2009, the latest available. It was published on Wednesday in the CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
About 18% of all pregnancies in the United States end in abortion, the CDC noted. Factors from the availability of abortion providers, state laws, the general economy and access to health services including contraception, can Read the rest of this entry »
Posted in - Do you feel like we do, Dr. Who?, - Read 'em and weep: The Daily News | Tagged: abortion, birthrate, California, CDC, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, data, facts, family, fertility, figures, health, Mississippi, MMWR, New York, news, Pregnancy, research, statistics, stats, study, termination, United States, women | Leave a Comment »
Posted by Warm Southern Breeze on Friday, September 28, 2012
Originally entitled as: More Stupid Questions: The “More Cow Bell” Curve, and other Standard Equal (and Unequal) Distribution post
I have returned to the title which I originally started… though I vascillated between this one, as well:
Yes. More Stupid Questions… and, “I gotta’ have more Cow Bell.”
Okay, the title says it all.
That is, unless you don’t understand statistics, the bell curve and equal distribution.
But, just in the case you don’t, here’s some low-down.
According to estimates by the United States Census Bureau, our nation’s population has recently exceeded 314,469,757. And with 4.47% of the world’s population, we are the 3d most populous nation in the world. China & India, with 1,344,130,000 (19.13%) & 1,241,491,960 (17.19%), are 1st & 2d, respectively. American population is about 25% the population of India. Expressed another way, India has 75% more people than the United States.
I mentioned those figures just to give an idea of how small the U.S. really is by comparison.
Nevertheless, I digress. And so quickly! (My goodness!) Let’s return to statistics, the bell curve and equal distribution.
As you may have read in a previous post entitled “Ask a silly question, get a silly answer. Yes, there’s such thing as a STUPID question.”, “the bell curve is used to display information.”
In that post I had explained, writing that, Read the rest of this entry »
Posted in - Even MORE Uncategorized!, - Lost In Space: TOTALLY Discombobulated | Tagged: Bell Curve, black, China, cow bell, cowbell, crime, demographics, government, Grade, incarceration, India, justice, law, New Hampshire, Normal distribution, Office of Justice Program, Office of Justice Programs, Oklahoma, population, prison, race, Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, Standard deviation, statistics, The Bell Curve, United States, United States Census Bureau, United States Department of Justice, unusual, White | Leave a Comment »
Posted by Warm Southern Breeze on Monday, July 9, 2012
Just in the case we need reminding.
And often, we do.
As Samuel Johnson once wrote, “Men more frequently require to be reminded than informed.”
Johnson: Rambler #2 (March 24, 1750)
January 9, 2009, 12:04 PM ET
Bush On Jobs: The Worst Track Record On Record
By WSJ Staff
President George W. Bush entered office in 2001 just as a recession was starting, and is preparing to leave in the middle of a long one. That’s almost 22 months of recession during his 96 months in office.
His job-creation record won’t look much better. The Bush administration created about three million jobs (net) over its eight years, a fraction of the 23 million jobs created under President Bill Clinton‘s administration and only slightly better than President George H.W. Bush did in his four years in office.
Here’s a look at job creation under each president since the Labor Department started keeping payroll records in 1939. The counts are based on Read the rest of this entry »
Posted in - Did they REALLY say that?, - Faith, Religion, Goodness - What is the Soul of a man?, - Politics... that "dirty" little "game" that first begins in the home. | Tagged: Bill Clinton, data, Department of Labor, economy, employment, facts, George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, jobs, John F Kennedy, news, Presidents, Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, statistics, Wall Street Journal | Leave a Comment »
Posted by Warm Southern Breeze on Sunday, June 24, 2012
It seems there’s something to be said for “fresh air and sunshine.”
Out West, it’s not uncommon on many days for windows & doors to be kept open – albeit with screens – to keep out bugs. And frankly, there’s a thing present in the East, that in large part is absent in the West. Southerners call it “humidity.” Southerners subtract humidity, while Westerners add it. Either way, it’s still cooling by evaporation. It’s just that there’s an abundance of it in the South. And please bear in mind, that without humidity, it just wouldn’t be the Southern experience!
Yet, in all seriousness, I can totally understand the whys and wherefores of these findings. Frankly, they’re not surprising at all. For years, we’ve heard the colloquial voices encouraging us all to “get some fresh air.”
Turns out, there’s some truth to that… a whole lot, in fact.
Read on for the fascinating research from the University of Alabama at Birmingham.
Posted in - Do you feel like we do, Dr. Who?, - My Hometown is the sweetest place I know, - Read 'em and weep: The Daily News | Tagged: A/C, Air conditioner, Air Conditioning, Alabama, building, construction, Construction and Maintenance, cooling, design, findings, health, healthcare, Heating Ventilating and Air Conditioning, HVAC, International Journal of Obesity, Materials and Supplies, Mechanical, news, obesity, public health, research, statistics, UAB, United States, university, University of Alabama at Birmingham | Leave a Comment »
Posted by Warm Southern Breeze on Saturday, June 23, 2012
The title says it all.
But the title doesn’t explain why.
Read on for more understanding.
On the FaceBook page of Loyola University New Orleans, a photograph was posted of a… well, here it is. Read the rest of this entry »
Posted in - Did they REALLY say that?, - Lost In Space: TOTALLY Discombobulated | Tagged: Adrian Belew, Apple, Barking Pumpkin Records, Bell Curve, Colleges and Universities, Earth, Ed Mann, education, FaceBook, Fillmore East, Frank Zappa, James Hansen, Loyola University Chicago, Loyola University New Orleans, Lumpy Gravy, math, New Orleans, New York City, New York Times, Normal distribution, recreation, Relative direction, Shankar Vedantam, Standard deviation, statistics, United States, Universal Music Enterprises, Yes (band) | Leave a Comment »
Posted by Warm Southern Breeze on Wednesday, June 13, 2012
Who’s the Biggest Spender? Obama or Bush?
By BRUCE BARTLETT, The Fiscal Times June 1, 2012
Lately, there has been some controversy about the growth of spending under Barack Obama. It began on May 22 with a column by Rex Nutting of MarketWatch, which concluded that the rate of growth of federal spending under Obama has actually been trivial compared to the last 4 presidents.
According to Nutting’s calculations, spending has grown only 1.4 percent per year under Obama – one-fifth the rate under Ronald Reagan and George W. Bush. Following is a chart accompanying the article.
There has been a considerable amount of debate about Nutting’s calculations, which fly in the face of Republican dogma. Much involves technical accounting issues, such as how to allocate spending during fiscal year 2009. This is important because fiscal year 2009 began on September 1, 2008 during Bush’s administration, reflecting his priorities. By the time Obama took office on January 20, 2009 the fiscal year was almost half over; he didn’t submit his first budget until February 26, 2009 and the fiscal year 2010 budget is really the first one that reflected his priorities.
Nutting assigned the bulk of fiscal year 2009 spending to Bush, an assumption that other analysts have questioned. Glenn Kessler of the Washington Post found that Nutting overstated his argument in various ways. But the PoliFact site of the Tampa Bay Times concluded that the Nutting column was essentially correct.
Aside from the political implications, the reason this debate is important is because there is a tendency for people to conflate spending, deficits and debt, as well as confusing rates of change with absolute levels.
The difference between Read the rest of this entry »
Posted in - Politics... that "dirty" little "game" that first begins in the home., - Read 'em and weep: The Daily News | Tagged: Barack Obama, BarackObama, Bill Clinton, BRUCE BARTLETT, Bush I, Bush II, business, CBO, Clinton, Congressional Budget Office, economy, entrepreneurship, facts, federal, figures, GAO, George W. Bush, Government Accountability Office, Gross domestic product, hypocrisy, jobs, Marketwatch, money, news, Obama, Reagan, Ronald Reagan, statistics | 6 Comments »